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Nelson Mandela visited Morehouse College in Atlanta, GA, June 27, 1990.

Nelson Mandela visited Morehouse College in Atlanta, GA, June 27, 1990.

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Nelson Mandela death: South Africans, world mourn former president

Nelson Mandela death: South Africans, world mourn former president By Arwa Damon and Faith Karimi CNN Editor's note: Send us your stories, memories and photographs of the Nobel Peace prize winner and former South African president. SOWETO, South Africa (CNN) -- In a symbol befitting a nation in mourning, a dark gray cloud swept over Johannesburg on Friday as news spread that international icon Nelson Mandela is dead. Under overcast skies that threatened rain any minute, South Africans draped in flags and images of Mandela gathered on the streets to sing and dance. Others wept as they lit candles near his home in the Johannesburg suburb of Houghton. Children spelled out "we love you Mandela" on the grass using rocks. Nearby, stuffed animals and flowers sat in a heap. In Soweto township, where Mandela lived before he was thrown into prison for 27 years, giant posters of his face adorned walls. Residents surrounded his former red brick house on the busy street and crooned freedom songs. Mandela, 95, died Thursday. The nation's first black president battled health issues in recent years, including a recurring lung infection that led to numerous hospitalizations. Memorials popped up from Los Angeles to Chicago, where flowers and candles were laid in front of murals bearing his likeness. In Washington, crowds gathered in front of the South African embassy. And in his native South Africa, citizens woke up to the news Friday after President Jacob Zuma announced his death late Thursday. "It was a surprise. I was asleep so I didn't know when Zuma announced his death," said Wilson Mudau, a cab driver in Johannesburg. "I woke up and was shocked when I saw it on television. It's sad, but what can we do. Let him rest in peace. It's time ... Madiba has worked so hard to unite us." South Africans affectionately refer to him as Madiba, his clan name. Man of complexities Mandela helped South Africa break the shackles of racial segregation and do away with white minority rule. Imprisoned for nearly three decades for his fight against apartheid, he emerged from prison in 1990 determined to unite the nation. Instead of anger and bitterness at the white government that imprisoned him, he chose forgiveness and reconciliation. "As I walked out the door toward the gate that would lead to my freedom, I knew if I didn't leave my bitterness and hatred behind, I'd still be in prison," Mandela said after he was freed. His call to avoid vengeance inspired the world. It also set him on a path of evolving roles, from freedom fighter, to prisoner, to South Africa's symbol of the struggle against racial oppression. But one role remained dominant: father of modern South Africa. And four years after he left prison, he became the nation's first black president, cementing his place in the consciousness of the nation and the world. "I'm just glad he finally found his place of rest," said iReporter Omekongo Dibinga of Washington. "From the family drama to his health problems, it just seemed like he could never get a break in his later years. Now I hope be can finally rest but he'll probably still be watching down on us in frustration. " 'We all knew he'd leave us at some point' With his recent bouts of illnesses, some seemed prepared for the worst. "We all knew he'd leave us at some point," said Tony Karuiru, a Johannesburg resident. "But we were hoping that he would be with us during the festive season. It's the holidays, we're all expecting bonus. I just wish God would have given him a bonus of a few more days as well. " Thomas Rabodiba, 38, said even though Mandela's death was expected after so many years of illness, he's having a hard time accepting it. "At first, I heard rumors and thought it was the usual rumors I'd heard before," he said. " After I heard the president's announcement later that the old man has departed, then I believed that he's really gone." His legacy Mandela will be remembered for many things, but his message of forgiveness and reconciliation will resonate the most. "Mandela's biggest legacy ... was his remarkable lack of bitterness and the way he did not only talk about reconciliation, but he made reconciliation happen in South Africa," said F.W. de Klerk, South Africa's last white president and Mandela's predecessor. His casket will lie in state for several days in Pretoria. Next week, it will be flown to his ancestral hometown of Qunu for a state funeral and burial, sources said. Until that funeral, Zuma has ordered flags around South Africa to be flown at half-staff. "He is now resting. He is now at peace," Zuma said late Thursday. "Our nation has lost its greatest son. Our people have lost a father." The United States followed suit while Buckingham Palace said it will fly the Union flag at half staff when Queen Elizabeth II leaves Friday morning. "We must pay tribute to Mandela, the best state leader of all time," said Zaid Paruk, 23. And the tributes have poured in from leaders near and far. "Nelson Mandela achieved more than could be expected of any man," Obama said. "Today, he has gone home. And we have lost one of the most influential, courageous, and profoundly good human beings that any of us will share time with on this Earth. He no longer belongs to us - he belongs to the ages." In the final years of his life, secret plans were hammered out between the government, the military and his family as they prepared for a fitting farewell. Events will be held over the next 10 days, culminating in a state funeral to be broadcast worldwide and a private farewell for those closest to him. CNN's Greg Botelho, Catherine E. Shoichet, Robyn Curnow, Susannah Palk and Max Foster contributed to this report. The-CNN-Wire ™ & © 2013 Cable News Network, Inc., a Time Warner Company. All rights reserved.