"Rover safety bicycle of 1885" by Jonathan Cardy is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.


Baltimore, a city known for its rich history and vibrant culture, has played a significant role in the development of cycling as both a recreational activity and a mode of transportation. From its early days as a bustling port city to its modern urban landscape, Baltimore’s history of cycling reflects broader trends in transportation, urban planning and social change.

Early Cycling Days: Late 19th Century

The roots of cycling in Baltimore can be traced back to the late 19th century, when the city underwent a transformation due to industrialization and urban expansion. The introduction of the “safety bicycle” in the 1880s, with its chain-driven rear wheel and similar-sized wheels, made cycling more accessible to a broader range of people. This innovation set the stage for the cycling craze that swept across America.

Baltimore embraced this trend enthusiastically, with cycling clubs and enthusiasts emerging throughout the city. The League of American Wheelmen, founded in 1880, advocated for better roads and cycling infrastructure, leading to the gradual improvement of road conditions in Baltimore and beyond.

Baltimore’s Cycling Renaissance: 20th Century

The early 20th century marked a period of continued growth for cycling in Baltimore. The city’s expanding network of streets and avenues provided cyclists with new opportunities to explore their surroundings. Cycling became a popular recreational activity, and numerous cycling events and races were organized, drawing participants and spectators alike.

One notable event was the annual 100-mile One Wheelers Club race, which attracted skilled cyclists from across the region. The event not only showcased cycling prowess but also fostered a sense of camaraderie among Baltimore’s cycling community.

The bicycle’s practicality as a means of transportation also became evident during this period. As the city’s population continued to grow, urban congestion and limited parking options led many to adopt bicycles as a convenient way to navigate Baltimore’s bustling streets. Additionally, cycling offered an affordable alternative to automobiles, especially during times of economic hardship such as the Great Depression.

Challenges and Resilience: Mid-20th Century

The mid-20th century brought about significant changes to Baltimore’s urban landscape, and cycling faced both challenges and opportunities. The rise of automobiles and the expansion of roadways shifted urban planning priorities, often to the detriment of cycling infrastructure. As a result, cycling began to wane in popularity, with fewer cycling clubs and events taking place.

However, cycling enthusiasts and advocates remained resilient. In the face of changing times, Baltimore’s cyclists continued to promote cycling as a sustainable and healthy mode of transportation. The city’s cycling community persisted in organizing events like Bike to Work Day, which aimed to encourage more people to embrace cycling for daily commuting.

Modern Revival: Cycling in Contemporary Baltimore

In recent decades, a renewed interest in cycling has emerged, both in Baltimore and across the United States. The city’s urban planners have recognized the importance of integrating cycling into transportation infrastructure. Dedicated bike lanes, shared-use paths and bike-sharing programs have all contributed to making Baltimore a more bike-friendly city.

The rise of the “bike culture” has further propelled cycling’s revival in Baltimore. Independent bike shops, cycling cafés, and community-led initiatives have fostered a sense of belonging among cyclists. 

Beyond recreation and transportation, cycling has become a tool for social change in Baltimore. Community organizations have used cycling to promote health and fitness in underserved neighborhoods, advocating for increased access to cycling resources and safe spaces for riding.


The history of cycling in Baltimore is a testament to the city’s ever-evolving nature. From its early days as a leisure activity for the elite to its modern resurgence as a mode of transportation and community engagement, cycling’s journey in Baltimore reflects broader societal changes and values.

As the city continues to evolve, so too does its cycling culture. The efforts of dedicated cyclists, advocates and urban planners have paved the way for a more bike-friendly Baltimore. With an eye toward sustainability, health, and community, the history of cycling in Baltimore serves as an inspiration for cities around the world seeking to create vibrant and livable urban environments.

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